• Elham A. Khalil Menoufia University, Shebein el-Kom
Keywords: Personality, Big five personality, Reflection- impulsivity, Cognitive style, Cross cultural study


Objective: This study examines the differences between individual culture (American sample) and collective cultures (Egyptian and Saudi Arabian samples) in Reflection- impulsivity (RI) categories and Big Five of personality traits. The relative contribution of Big Five of personality traits and culture are predicted with RI categories.

Method: Computerized MFFT and NEO PI R administrated on 53 male and female Egyptian, 51 female Saudi, and 35 male and females Americans students.

Results: Using (Z) ratio, results showed no differences among three cultures in MFFT categories except Saudi who were more slow- inaccurate than Egyptian students. Using ANOVA to know significant differences among three cultures on NEO- PI R facets and dimensions. Egyptian were more (O1), (N2), and (E5) than were the Saudi students; Saudi students were more (A3) (A4), (A6), (C4), and agreeableness than were the Egyptian, and more (C2) than American; American who were more (O1), and (E6) than were the Egyptian students, and more (O1), (E5) and (E6) than were the Saudi students.

Conclusions: The culture variable was not predicted with MFFT’ categories, except the Egyptian students who were more inefficient than were the American students as a reference group, and with multinomial regression analysis, only extraversion dimension expected to impulsivity.    

Author Biography

Elham A. Khalil, Menoufia University, Shebein el-Kom

Psychology Department, Faculty of Arts,
Menoufia University, Shebein el-Kom, Egypt

How to Cite
Elham A. Khalil. (2019). Running head: BIG FIVE PERSONALITY AND COGNITIVE STYLE: CROSS CULTUR. Journal of Advance Research in Social Science and Humanities (ISSN: 2208-2387), 5(4), 11-23. Retrieved from