Urban Sprawl and Changes in Community Lifestyle in Johor Bahru City

  • Siva Kumar T. Renu
  • Tuan Pah Rokiah Syed Hussain
Keywords: Urban Lifestyle, Urban Sprawl, Urbanization Impact, Johor Bahru, Lifestyle


Previous studies are less clear discussing about the impact of urban sprawl on the lifestyle of the community. The objective of this study is to determine the differences in the lifestyle of the community in Johor Bahru City as a result of the urban sprawl. A total of 500 heads of households are involved in the survey with a 45-year-old minimum age group in the city. This study uses t-test analysis and the findings show that the overall lifestyle aspect of the community in Johor Bahru City shows a significant difference between the present and the previous as a result of the urban sprawl of all the lifestyle constructs and the overall lifestyle aspect itself.


Anuar Amir. (1990). Pembentukan konsep dan ciri-ciri kawasan pinggir bandar. M.Phil Thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Sekudai.

Anuar Amir. (2004). Merentasi dikotomi bandar desa: ke arah pewilayahan petempatan luar bandar yang mengalami tekanan limpahan pembandaran. Jurnal Alam Bina 2(6), 25-36.

Brueckner, J.K. & Fansler, D.A. (2001). The economics of urban sprawl: theory and evidence on the spatial sizes of cities. Dlm. The Review of Economics and Statistics, hlm. 479-482. New York: MIT Press.

Carruthers, J.I. & Ulfarsson, G.F. (2008). Does smart growth matter to public finance? Urban Stud 45(9), 1791-1823.

Cinyabuguma, M. & McConnell, V. (2013). Urban growth externalities and neighbourhood incentives: another cause of urban sprawl? Journal of Regional Science 53(2), 332-348.

Ewing, R.H., Schieber, R.A. & Zegeer, C.V. (2003). Urban sprawl as a risk factor in motor vehicle occupant and pedestrian fatalities. American Journal of Public Health 93(9), 1541-1545.

Hortas-Rico, M. & Sole-Olle, A. (2010). Does urban sprawl increase the costs of providing local public services? Evidence from Spanish Municipalities. Urban Stud 47(7), 1513-1540.

James, P., Troped, P.J., hart, J.E., Joshu, C.E., Colditz, G.A., Brownson, R.C., Ewing, R. & laden, F. (2013). Urban sprawl, physical activity and Body Mass Index: nurses’ health study and nurses’ health study II. American Journal of Public Health 103(2), 369-375.

Katiman Rostam, Mochamad Rosul, Er Ah Choy, Abdul Rahim Mohd Nor, Zaini Sakawi, Norazuan Md Hashim & Aishah @ Esah Muhammad. (2010). Perbandaran dan rebakan bandar di pinggir Wilayah Metropolitan Klang-Langat. Geografia: Malaysian Journal of Society and Spaces 6(2), 37-50.

Litvin, S. & Smith, W.W. (2015). A new perspective on the Plog Psychographic system. Journal of Vacation Marketing 22(2), 89-97.

Livanis, G., Moss, C.B., Breneman, V.E. & Nehring, R. (2006). Urban sprawl and farmland prices. Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 88(4), 915-929.

McGee, T.G. (2010). Building liveable cities in Asia in the twenty-first century research policy challenges for the urban future of Asia. Malaysian Journal of Environmental Management 11(1), 14-28.

Nam, K., Lim, U. & Kim, B.H.S. (2012). Compact or sprawl for sustainable urban form? Measuring the effect on travel behaviour in Korea. Ann Reg Sci 49, 157-173.

Pearce, P.L., Morrison, A.M. & Rutledge, J.L. (1998). Tourism: bridges across continents. Sydney: The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc.

Plog, S.C. (1991). Leisure travel: making it a growth market again. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Reisinger, Y. & Mavondo, F. (2003). Gender differences in the psychographic profiles of the youth travel market. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Sandow, E. (2014). Til work do us part: the social fallacy of long-distance commuting. Urban Stud 51(3), 526-543.

Stone Jr., B. (2008). Urban sprawl and air quality in large US cities. Journal of Environmental Management 86, 688-698.

Terzi, F. & Bolen, F. (2012). The potential effects of spatial strategies on urban sprawl in Istanbul. Urban Stud 49(6), 1229-1250.

Torres, H., Alves, H. & De Oliveira, M.A. (2007). Sao Paulo peri-urban dynamics: some social causes and environmental consequences. Environment and Urbanization 19(1), 207-223.

Wiewel, W. & Schaffer, K. (2001). Learning to think as a region: connecting suburban sprawl and city poverty. European Planning Studies 9(5), 593-611.

How to Cite
Siva Kumar T. Renu, & Tuan Pah Rokiah Syed Hussain. (2019). Urban Sprawl and Changes in Community Lifestyle in Johor Bahru City. Journal of Advance Research in Applied Science (ISSN: 2208-2352), 6(7), 14-17. Retrieved from https://jiaats.com/index.php/AS/article/view/768